Urban decentralisation and transport energy-efficiency
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Urban decentralisation and transport energy-efficiency

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Published by University of Reading Department of Geography in Reading .
Written in English


Book details:

Edition Notes

StatementMichael Breheny.
SeriesDiscussion Papers / University of Reading Department of Geography -- No. 20
ContributionsUniversity of Reading. Department of Geography.
The Physical Object
Pagination45p.
Number of Pages45
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17142246M

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Urban systems de-carbonization is achievable if supported by measures for energy efficiency and integration of renewable energy sources (RES). In this context, a key role can be played by shopping malls. They are usually identified as “icons of consumer society,” but they also have a huge energy retrofitting potential. Urban sprawl, or suburban sprawl, is the unrestricted growth in many urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban planning. In addition to describing a particular form of urbanization, the term also relates to the social and environmental consequences associated with this development. This paper reviews efforts to improve the efficiency and responsiveness of urban service delivery in developing countries. It argues that failures in urban service delivery are not merely the result of a lack of technical knowledge on the part of local government staff, but also reflect constraints and perverse incentives confronting local personnel and their political leadership, and that.   Extensive decentralization of cities and the resulting development of the urban fringe bring new users to roadways, reduce open space, and require cities or suburbs to extend their utility.

By , nearly, 70% of the world’s population are expected to live in urban areas and 50% of total final energy consumption will be electricity. This indicates an electrification of buildings, heating, industry, data centers and transport being the critical lever in the building of sustainable climate-safe cities. Data, research and territorial reviews on regional, rural and urban development including city planning, green cities, green regions and mayoral roundtables., This report offers a comprehensive overview of decentralisation policies and reforms in OECD countries and beyond. Sometimes called a 'silent' or 'quiet' revolution, decentralisation is among the most important reforms of the past 50 years. Sometimes called a “silent” or “quiet” revolution, decentralisation is among the most important reforms of the past 50 years. The report argues that decentralisation outcomes – in terms of democracy, efficiency, accountability, regional and local development – . Existing transport and energy research has focused on technologies and energy efficiency; however, more efficient technologies do not necessarily lead to energy reduction. Unfortunately, very limited behavioral research can be found in the literature. This book covers major transport modes in .

Urban mobility impacts not only the health and well being of urban residents, but also is key to the economic and energy efficiency of urban areas. There is an urgent need for effective and efficient planning of urban transport that addresses the challenges of growing travel demand in a way that is equitable, sustainable, and affordable. 7. Transport pressures in urban Africa: practices, policies, perspectives - Gordon Pirie 8. Decentralisation and institutional reconfiguration in urban Africa - Warren Smit and Edgar Pieterse 9. The challenge of urban planning law reform in African cities - Stephen Berrisford Financing public transport through public funds is a common practice that can be justified on different grounds: equity, natural monopoly and, particularly with the increasing motorization rate, externalities produced by private transport (congestion, pollution, road accidents) especially in urban areas. • Decentralisation is a context-driven and country specific process. The level and type of decentralisation in a country will determine the mandates and financial resources that local governments, both rural and urban, have to address specific issues. • Improved and inclusive urban governance, and greater resilience to climate-.